Written for Fethiye Times and with photographs by By Mike Vickers and Jan Jones

The final part of an adventure to Eastern Turkey

Please click on the links below if you missed the first two articles.

All aboard the Turistik Doğu Ekspresi to Kars

Kars. The colder the weather, the warmer the people

Back on board the Turistik Doğu Ekspresi, this time from Kars to Ankara

It would not be unreasonable to expect the return trip from Kars to Ankara to be, more or less, roughly similar to the outbound journey, after all, there is only one railway route between the two cities, but nothing could be further than the truth. For a start, before we’d even cleared the outer suburbs of Kars, we were preparing for bed. The 10pm departure time was five hours later than when we left Ankara and this inevitably resulted in one major difference – on this journey we would be spending two nights on the train.

Fortunately, sleeping on the train no longer brought any surprises. We already knew from our outward trip what was involved – the invisible person trying to push you out of bed as we swung around each curve and the hollow echo of barrelling through yet another tunnel. With lovely memories of our troika ride on Lake Çildir, we were soon lulled to sleep. I hoped Champion’s stable was as warm as my bed, but somehow I don’t think that was likely.

Back on board the Turistik Doğu Ekspresi, this time from Kars to Ankara
Early morning golden sunshine on the peaks above the Euphrates gorge as we neared Divriği.

When we woke the following morning, we’d already passed Erzurum and Erzincan (without incident this time, thank heavens) and were deep in the Euphrates gorge again, the track clinging to the cliff wall and sweeping through tunnel after tunnel. Iliç came and went. The river remained our constant companion for many kilometres before finally bending its way south towards the Iraqi border. We continued eastwards until, eventually, the train pulled into the mountain town of Divriği, dominated by its castle.

Back on board the Turistik Doğu Ekspresi, this time from Kars to Ankara
The castle at Divriği.

Surrounded by snowy peaks and under a bright blue sky, the air in Divriği was crystal clear. We eschewed the organised minibus trip and instead took a taxi directly to Divriği Ulu Camii ve Darüşşifası, the Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği, rightfully a UNESCO World Heritage Site, one of the first to be awarded in Turkey. This wonderful building stood apart and above the town in a position of dominance. 

Back on board the Turistik Doğu Ekspresi, this time from Kars to Ankara
The Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği, currently undergoing restoration. The entire building is enclosed in a necklace of scaffolding and protected by a huge tin roof, with the minaret poking through the top.
Back on board the Turistik Doğu Ekspresi, this time from Kars to Ankara
Entrance portal to the Great Hospital.
Back on board the Turistik Doğu Ekspresi, this time from Kars to Ankara
The Paradise Portal, its intricacy contrasting with the plainness of the rest of the building.
Back on board the Turistik Doğu Ekspresi, this time from Kars to Ankara
Three-dimensional relief carving, not easy to see as there was no close-up access, but trust me, it’s an impressive piece of 900-year-old craftsmanship.

As the troika ride had been special for Jan, this was for me. I’ve been fortunate enough to have seen some magnificent and unusual buildings over the years – who can forget that tetrachonchal church in Kars – but the Divine Doors of Divriği are on an altogether different level. The craftsmanship and artistry that flowed from mind to chisel represent a stand-out moment in the long history of stone carving. In contrast to the rather plain exterior, each of the three exquisite 900-year-old portals are simply stunning. To quote UNESCO, there are no other examples of the three-dimensional and intricate geometric styles and flowing figures of plants.

Couldn’t have put it better myself!

Back on board the Turistik Doğu Ekspresi, this time from Kars to Ankara
At the Divine Doors of Divriği.

Sadly, we were unable to go inside as it’s currently undergoing restoration and is wrapped in a cloak of protective scaffolding with a huge shiny metal roof over the entire building, but a metal walkway has been constructed to allow visitors a good external view. Apart from the custodians, we three were the only people there, and spent some time admiring this amazing building.

We left the mosque and hospital and walked down into the old town just as some minibuses arrived, disgorging passengers from the train, and negotiating a rabbit warren of narrow steep streets, found a lokanta that supplied lunch, followed by a cheerful taxi driver took us back to the waiting train for 10 lira.

Unlike our outward journey, there were only two scheduled stops, and a few hours later we pulled into Bostankaya for our final excursion to Sivas. This entailed a forty minute coach ride as Bostankaya is about 30km south of Sivas. The coach took us directly into the city centre and we disembarked outside the Congress Building, famed throughout Turkey. Called by Mustafa Kemal, the Sivas Congress united delegates from all Anatolian provinces and was a turning point in the country’s history, paving the way for the fight for independence and confirming Atatürk’s position as leader of the national resistance.

Back on board the Turistik Doğu Ekspresi, this time from Kars to Ankara
Kale Camii in Sivas.

Opposite the Congress stands the 15th century Kale Camii and a trio of magnificent 13th century Seljuk monuments, the twin tower Çifte Minareli Medrese, the Bürüciye Medresesi and the Sifaiye Medresesi, once one of the most important Seljuk medical schools. All of these are closely grouped and easy to explore, each providing a fascinating glimpse into the past when, located on the Silk Road, Sivas prospered.

Back on board the Turistik Doğu Ekspresi, this time from Kars to Ankara
Sifaiye Medresesi, Sivas. This is what a 13th century A&E looks like…

We liked Sivas immediately. It was bright, bustling and a helluva lot warmer than Kars. There was a good feeling about it, with plenty of broad avenues and lots of interesting back streets that warranted much more investigation than our limited time allowed. However, that said, our first task was finding somewhere to eat. You may possibly have noticed this has been a recurring theme on our trip.

Back on board the Turistik Doğu Ekspresi, this time from Kars to Ankara
Entrance Porch to the Bürüciye Medresesi. Yes, the sky really was that blue.

We eventually found a very trendy restaurant, more than half of which was devoted to nargile smoking cool hipsters. The only notable thing about my hips is that they ache. It’s against the law to smoke indoors in a public place, but several terrace doors were open, so by logical extension, the outdoors now flowed indoors. It could be argued we were in the wrong place, especially as the ground floor bayan loo door was being repaired by a locksmith, meaning a trip up to the third floor for the ladies, but we were made very welcome and had a most pleasant meal.

The sun was setting as we waited for the coach to take us back to the train, that lovely golden late afternoon glow just catching the tops of the twin minarets of the Çifte Minareli Medrese.

Back on board the Turistik Doğu Ekspresi, this time from Kars to Ankara
The last of the sun glowing on the minarets of the Çifte Minareli Medrese. Remember the photo earlier in this article of sunrise in the Euprates gorge? Well, this is sunset on the same day.
Back on board the Turistik Doğu Ekspresi, this time from Kars to Ankara
Bostankaya Station at dusk. Jan with our driver and train controller.

From Sivas, it was a straight run through the night back to Ankara. Jan and I left the curtains open in our cabin to watch the pale snowy landscape slide past. I know we stopped for a while at Kayseri some time during the night, but a grey morning came soon enough and the train finally entered the Gar at Ankara. After a journey of over 2600km to Kars and back, our time on the Turistik Doğu Ekspresi finally came to an end.

This time, the weather in Ankara was much more amenable. The cases were deposited in the left luggage lockers once again and we set off in search of breakfast, taking a taxi to the southern suburb of Kizilay, chosen for its proximity to the city centre and reputation for street-eating. Although it was fairly early on Sunday morning, we found a back-street lokanta that was snug and warm – but not quite as snug and warm as the Sütlü Çardak in Kars – and settled down to a hearty breakfast. This was student territory. No grey hair in sight. Except on our table. To be honest, it’s actually really rather nice to be surrounded by so many young people. A tad invigorating, all that youthful vim and vigour.

Fortified by breakfast, there was really only one place to visit and so we took a short taxi ride to Anıtkabir. Set upon a low hill in the centre of the city and surrounded by beautiful gardens, the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lies at the heart of Ankara and the country he forged.

Back on board the Turistik Doğu Ekspresi, this time from Kars to Ankara
Paying my respects at Anıtkabir, the resting place of Atatürk. The soldiers are silent, immobile, and impeccably dressed.

The mausoleum is an airy building, stately and graceful, the surrounding city visible between its tall columns. Atatürk’s final resting place is not enclosed or shut away, but open, as if to allow the city and country beyond to reach inside. It’s a simple structure, but the gilt ceilings are lovely. A constant stream of visitors filtered in and out, pausing to pay their respects. Soldiers stood in silence, keeping vigil, their military uniforms immaculate.

Back on board the Turistik Doğu Ekspresi, this time from Kars to Ankara
Ankara from the steps of the Anıtkabir.

We visited the nearby museum of his life. His influence permeated almost every aspect of life in the young Turkish Republic; language, female emancipation, transport, commerce, education, everything. Rarely does a leader have such a positive, dynamic and reforming influence on the lives of his countrymen.

Outside again, my attention was caught by flocks of exotic colourful birds swirling around the mausoleum and clinging to its stonework, their happy musical calls echoing through the structure. Green parakeets now live there, bringing cheer and colour to the Anıtkabir. I’ve a feeling Atatürk would have approved.

Back on board the Turistik Doğu Ekspresi, this time from Kars to Ankara
Green parakeets nesting in the Anıtkabir.

Later in the day, we retrieved our cases from the station, took a taxi to the Otogar and waited for our coach in a cafe. The Ototgar is always busy, with lots of shops and stalls selling snacks and drinks for the journey. Coaches arrived in convoy, exchanged one set of passengers for another, and then left in convoy. The 10pm Kamil Koç service to Fethiye departed dead on time and unlike the train at Erzincan, we made damned sure were on it! In contrast to our coach journey up to Anakara – I was asleep before we’d cleared the city and only stirred when we were descending from the Karabel summit on our way towards Seydikemer. What a relief! That was a journey I was certainly not looking forward to – and now I’d missed it completely.

What a great end to a fantastic adventure!

A note on excursions

As before on the outward trip, these are all optional. If you wish, you can remain on the train during these stops. Prices are as follows:

Divriği taxi from train station to Ulu Camii: 10 lira per person

Divriği taxi from town centre to train station: 10 lira per person

Sivas excursion, return coach trip from Bostankaya station to Sivas city centre: 30 lira per person

To summarise:

If you’re travelling in winter – and for sheer scenic drama, we recommend that you do – pack good boots and lots of warm clothes. Obvious, really, but it’s fundamental. Layer up to stay toasty. If you’re a bloke, get yourself some warm long johns. Buy the right pair and they will definitely enhance your sex appeal. Or not…

Wear a hat. Ears really hurt when they’re cold – and don’t even get me going on gloves!

It is possible to visit both Ani and Lake Cildir all in one day, and many tours available in Kars offer this combination, but they lie on opposite sides of Kars and we felt it would be just too much to attempt in one day. Our recommendation is to visit each on a separate day.

Celil told us quite a few visitors disembark from the train at 2am, rest briefly, go to Ani and Cildir, then get back on the train in the evening of the same day. Does anyone else think this would severely diminish your enjoyment of the experience? In any book, that’s an exhausting itinerary to attempt after a 1300km train ride. We found three full days in Kars perfect; the first day to recover and explore Kars itself, the second to visit Ani and the third to see Lake Cildir.

A popular alternative to returning on the train is to fly back to Ankara from Kars airport. Yusef and Ayşegül did so, but the obvious sacrifice is missing out on Divriği and Sivas.

The highlights? For Jan, Lake Cildir and the troika ride. For me, seeing Ararat, Ani and wolves all on one day, and for Michelle, haunting Ani with Armenia in the distance. Oh, and the wolves!

Very special thanks:

To Yeşim and Paul at Amber Travel in Kaş, we cannot thank them enough for arranging everything. The bespoke package they prepared for us included absolutely everything except the coach journey to and from Ankara and the optional tours available during the train stops.

Amber have an enormous wealth of experience organizing such individual trips and we strongly advise anyone planning any kind of excursion up country to contact them on 0242 836 1630. Their office can be found at Yeni Cami Sokak. Boşgelmez Apt. No. 1, 07580 Kaş. 

Celil Ersözoğlu was engaged by Amber Travel to act as our guide. We very much enjoyed our time with him. Not only is he an experienced and very knowledgeable English-speaking professional guide, but also easy-going, entertaining and cheerful company, with a ready smile and chuckle. If you ever find yourself in need of a guide in Kars, Celil can be contacted on 0532 226 3966 or at celilani@hotmail.com

Thinking of going?

The Cost. This largely depends on whether you want a standard tourist hotel or something a little classier. We chose the former and were warm and toasty but it was basic – there are plenty of quite lovely hotels in central Kars and Amber Travel can advise you. We also hired a professional guide for a couple of days and beside his fee a standard tip of 50tl pp per day was also expected – worth every penny. All told, including our excursions and bus up to Ankara but without evening meals and tips, we brought it in for about £550 FOR THE TWO OF US. It is impossible to break all the elements down but there is a premium if you want to travel solo. For example – Michelle paid 488tl for her cabin on the train but we paid 600tl for a double cabin. There would also have been a single supplement at the hotel and the single bus fare to Ankara was 7tl more than seats bought as a couple. Whatever the split – the value for money in this adventure was outstanding

Consider the time of year. January and February will provide you with tingly toes and red noses but captures the true essence of Kars in all its bleak snowiness. Celil advised us that April and May are sublime when it comes to carpets of wild flowers. Apparently there are 1500 varieties to provide a carpet of loveliness which to marvel at. September and October are good for the glow of autumn colours but remember the landscape is steppe – not many trees. It is also worth noting that Kars in summer makes Fethiye seem cool in comparison! Also check the school Turkish holidays if you want an adult trip.

The train cabins are compact and comfortable but one of you will have to have that upper bunk – make sure your joints are working! And that trip to the toilet in the middle of the night…the carriages have two toilets. At one end there is a Turkish toilet and at the other end is a European toilet. We would still be able to use them despite being out of the EU. Our experience was that they were both kept reasonably clean but you can’t account for other passengers in your carriage. The train was manned by very helpful stewards and if it is necessary they can be called on to address any issues. They also clean the toilets during excursion stops.

How is your Turkish? How far do you like to be out of your comfort zone? We had a ball but didn’t experience much in the way of English from the time we left Fethiye (apart from the Turkish students we met in Kars). People were warm and helpful at all stages but you need to at least able to speak ‘Turklish’ or have confidence and a great sense of humour. The benefit of booking through Amber Travel was that we had a 24 hour emergency number in case we got into difficulties. Please note that all train excursions were led by Turkish speaking guides – still well worth going on though.

Like a drink? Hmmm…we only found one restaurant in the entire trip offering alcohol. A bottle of Cankaya which cost 130tl. We also imbibed Raki that night which enhanced the dance moves no end. If it’s a boozy holiday you want, this trip is not for you but it is a sacrifice worth making for the unforgettable experiences you will have. Fethiye it is not but head east Young Man – you will truly discover Turkey!


  1. Hi. Thanks for an enlightening report of your trip on the Dogu Ekspresi ! I made the Ankara to Kars trip in early March (06th), one month after you, and your piece brought back wonderful memories. I always travel solo ( through choice !) but once underway on the long jouney to Kars, I met, chatted with, shared food and drink, and swapped stories with many fellow travellers. Although I can speak what i call ‘ basic rudimentary tourist Turkish’ I have to say that the language barrier only added to an already wonderful sense of camaraderie, curiosity and intrigue. I thoroughly enjoyed the whole journey, the scenery was nothing short of spectacular, and my fears that the journey would prove too long and arduous soon transformed into trip of fascination, awe and an even greater appreciation of nature in all it’s glory.
    I stayed for 2 full days in Kars, but sadly didn’t get to Ani due a slightly sprained ankle, and thought it best not to push my luck and make things worse by doing a lot of walking in rough terrain. All the more reason to make a return trip !
    From Kars I took a 4 hr coach journey to Dogubeyazit, which is very close to the Iranian border, but right beside and overlooking a snow covered and very beautiful Mount Ararat There’s also a 17th century Ottoman Palace perched high on the mountain overlooking the town. Dogubeyazit is out of the way, but well worth a 2 night detour.
    I then took another coach back to Erzurum for 4 nights, to enjoy some high altitude sun snow and toboganning…no skiing as I haven’t skied for years and wasn’t inclined, or have the time rekindle the knack !!
    Unfortunatly this is where things went a bit wrong !! Covid-19 had arrived in Turkey ! , and the authorities wasted NO time at all in halting ALL flights from and to European airports with immediate effect. It was by this time the 14th March, and my return flight on the 21st from Erzurum To London Heathrow ( via Munich) had suddenly been cancelled, although I only found out from the tv news and not the airline ! So there was I, in a beautiful, warm and comfortable Ski Lodge, perched 8,000 feet up a mountain in Erzurum, with no way to get home !! After spending a full day frantically searching the internet for a possible route home, it became abundantly clear that there were no available flights to Heathrow via any european airport! 200 cups of coffee later I hit the jackpot ( although my wallet would somewhat disagree !) and eventually found a flight, or I should really say flights home. I bit the bullet and cut my stay by 4 nights, in fear that if I didn’t take this particular opportunity, there was a very real possibility of being stranded in a very remote (as you well know), area of eastern Turkey.
    So I eventually left Erzurum on the 17th, arriving back into London Heathrow at 10 the following morning. You really couldn’t make this up, but the route I took, the only route available at that particular moment was…( are you ready?)
    Erzurum to Ankara with Turkish Airlines
    Ankara to Istanbul, again with Turkish Airlines
    Istanbul To MOSCOW !!! Aeroflot
    and finally Moscow to Heathrow with Aeroflot
    Luckily ( he says !) my bags and I were checked through from Erzurum to Istanbul, so only had to collect bag and check in again once in Istanbul whn I transferred from Turkish Airlines to Aeroflot.
    Who would have thought that one week earlier,when I was sitting in my comfortable warm sleeper compartment on the Dogu Express, admiring the scenery and majestic mountains, that one week later I’d be in Moscow trying desperately to get home !!
    Having said all that, I had an absolutely fantastic trip, albeit cut short by 4 days !…but have already promised myself that I’m going to go back next February and do it all over again…but this time finishing off and seeing what I had to skip this year !!
    Thanks again for your wonderful post, and glad that you also had a great trip.
    Should you by any chance be travelling on the Dogu Express in mid february next year, I might well see you there. Drinks will be on me.!!
    Kind regards
    London / UK

    • Hello Gary,

      Lyn Ward at Fethiye Times has forwarded your comment on our trip to Kars for moderation and I’m delighted to discover through your message that you had such a splendid time on the train, just as we did. I read your vibrant account with great interest and it came as no surprise you found yourself engaged by your fellow passengers, as we were with Yusuf and Ayşegül who, by the way, we’ve been in contact with since and who plan to visit us in Fethiye later in the summer. As you said, there is a wonderful sense of camaraderie, curiosity and simple friendship on the train as it rattles and rumbles its way eastwards through those 220 tunnels to Kars.

      We are so relieved we were able to complete this journey before coronavirus arrived to shake everything up, although unfortunately you were not quite so lucky. Still, looking on the bright side, you did drop in on Moscow, something I suspect you would rather have avoided but at the same time will be a thrilling story to dine out on for years to come. Never underestimate the power to embellishment – you could always slip in a fictitious late-night vodka-fuelled drinking duel you had with Vladimir Putin!!

      My wife and I fully understand your desire to repeat the journey, but this time without the free gift of a night in Moscow. It is a truly world-class train journey through spectacular scenery and millennia of wonderful history, and if you do manage to get to Kars again next year, we strongly recommend visiting Ani. The place is majestically remote, fascinating and haunting in its isolation. You also get to see Armenia for free as an added bonus – and keep an eye out for those wolves!

      Regards and best wishes,

      Mike and Jan

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