Zafer Bayramı (Victory Day)
Every nation has days of special significance.
For Turkey, one of the most important days in the country’s history is August 30, Zafer Bayramı (Victory Day).
Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I, Turkey was occupied by allied forces.
This led to the start of the Turkish War of Independence in 1919, with the Turkish forces led by General Mustafa Kemal.
Victory Day commemorates the Turkish victory over Greek forces in the Battle of Dumlupınar (August 26-30, 1922). The outcome of the battle, which took place in Kütahya province in western Turkey, determined the overall outcome of the Turkish War of Independence (1919-1923).
Although foreign forces left the country for good in the autumn of 1922, Turkish people accept August 30 as the date of the Turkish troops’ overall victory. Victory Day was first celebrated in only a few cities in Turkey – such as Ankara, Izmir and Afyonkarahisar – on August 30, 1923. It became a national holiday in 1935.
The day also honours the founder of modern Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.
Celebrations of joy and enthusiasm.
Victory Day is celebrated with joy and enthusiasm across Turkey and in the northern part of Cyprus. It is a celebration of the Turkish military and the Turkish republic. The main celebration is held at Atatürk’s Mausoleum in Ankara.
All promotions in the Turkish Armed Forces take place on this day, and military schools hold annual graduation ceremonies on August 30.
Banks, council offices and the Turkish stock exchange will be closed on Victory day.
Zafer Bayramı Kutlu Olsun
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Sources: Wikipedia/Daily Sabah