“It is essential to have bread during the meal” is the first principle laid down by Turkey’s Association of Cuisine Professionals. That bread is present when eating be done is as binding as a religious commandment.

Living on breaded meals in Turkey would be no problem at all. You could have a sesame-studded simit (bread ring) for breakfast, crusty bread and cheese for lunch, a spicy meat lahmacun (Turkish pizza) drizzled with lemon for dinner. You could even top it off with a midnight swig of boza (fermented millet drink).

Bread in all shapes and sizes

Ekmek is the general term for bread of any sort but these days spongy white sourdough loaves are found everywhere. It can be shaped into oblongs, circles, long tubes, plaits or small rolls, glazed with egg yolk or milk, sprinkled with sesame, poppy or nigella seeds, or just left plain. It is usually made with strong white flour, to which a little wholemeal flour is sometimes added

Bread: More than just a food
Normal ekmek

Pide (flatbread) is basic homemade village fare as well as a pouch for döner and a base for pizza.

Bread: More than just a food
Pide (flatbread)

Lavaş (thin crispy bread) is yeast free but ballons exuberantly when cooked.

Bread: More than just a food
Bread: More than just a food
Exuberantly ballooned lavaş

The chewy simit is sold in every town square and on just about every street corner in Turkey.

Bread: More than just a food

Turks are inclined to eat their bread plain, in between mouthfuls of food or with a little salt. Butter isn’t usually offered but as most restaurants will have a pat available, you can probably get some to spread on your slice.

Ramazan Pide

During Ramazan (the month of fasting), normal loaves are sold in the mornings, but pide with çörekotu (black cumin seeds) is sold in the afternoons so hungry people have something special with which to break the day’s fast. You can still find this pide for the rest of the year although it’s not as plentiful.

Bread: More than just a food
Pide with çörekotu (black cumin seeds)


Lahmacun is a type of pizza, most often topped with ground meat, onion, chilli and parsley.  Other possible toppings include cheese, meat pieces and sausage. The classic lahmacun is oval and about a foot long, though restaurants may make palm-sized portions.

Bread: More than just a food
Classic lahmacun

Each region has its own way of making lahmacun. For example, in Antep they’re made  with garlic but no onion and in Samsun they’re made in boat shapes with filling-hugging edges.

Bread: More than just a food
Boat shaped lahmacun from Samsun

The best come from big woodfire ovens and are paddled in and out on wooden oars.

Bread: More than just a food
Wood fired oven

When you’re not doing it daintily, lahmacun is eaten as follows: slice it into strips, drizzle with lemon, daub it with chunks of tomato, roll it up and eat it with your fingers. Once it’s finished, you can eat the debris off your hands and arms.

You can eat your lahmacun with a knife and fork, but it’s not as much fun!

Holy food

Both bread and water are considered holy in Turkey. Bread is considered a blessing from God, thus even a small piece is considered precious. A Turk who comes across a piece of bread on the street takes it to a higher spot after kissing the food first.

When the Jews left Egypt, they did not have yeast, so they prepared bread without it. Jews still commemorate those days during Passover.

Believing that Jesus Christ blessed bread, Christians integrate it into their communion rituals. In fact, the Church experienced pitched battles on the issue of whether it should be leavened or unleavened.

The British Museum in the U.K. has pieces of bread cooked 500 years ago in Egypt. In New Guinea, there is a breadfruit tree. Breadfruit is a kind of fruit that has a taste between bread and potatoes. A British governor of the island did not give permission for the seeds to be taken off the island. Turkey was the only country that was given permission after World War II. However, tests to grow breadfruit in Anatolia were in vain.

The Dutch and Turks are known to be the most proficient bakers in the world. In the past, most of the bakers in Turkey were from the Black Sea region. They used to run businesses even in Russia.

At one time, there were bread enthusiasts just like water enthusiasts who went out looking for a source. Gourmands were willing to go to bakeries in faraway neighbourhoods just to be able to buy the best bread baked in a wood fire.

Sources: World Food Turkey/ Daily Sabah