Last week we published an article on the Earthquake Crisis Response exercise that recently took place in Fethiye.

So, we now know that the emergency services have plans in place to deal with a crisis, but what should you do if there were an earthquake?

A bit about earthquakes

Earthquakes are the result of plate tectonics, or shifting plates in the crust of the Earth, and quakes occur when the frictional stress of gliding plate boundaries builds and causes failure at a fault line. In an earthquake, elastic strain energy is released and waves radiate, shaking the ground.

Earthquakes in Turkey

Turkey is a seismically active area within the complex zone of collision between the Eurasian Plate and both the African and Arabian Plates. Much of the country lies on the Anatolian Plate, a small plate bounded by two major strike-slip fault zones, the North Anatolian Fault and East Anatolian Fault.

Map of active tectonic plates in the Eastern Mediterranean - Photo courtesy of New Scientist
Map of active tectonic plates in the Eastern Mediterranean – Photo courtesy of New Scientist

Putting it into perspective

Britain is also hit by hundreds of small earthquakes every year, with the largest on record measuring 6.1 on the Richter scale. The UK is hit by 20 to 30 earthquakes each year which are powerful enough to be felt by people while hundreds of other smaller tremors are recorded by specialist instruments.

UK and tectonics

So what sort of things should you do to be prepared for an earthquake?

Familiarise yourself with what you should do before, during and after an earthquake.

Practise “Drop, Cover, and Hold On!”

dropcoverholdon_eng_color

Visit Ready.gov and check to make sure you are as prepared as you can be.

There is also a downloadable version of a booklet available from Fethiye Belediye explaining how to prepare for and survive an earthquake. Click here to get your copy now.

Earthquakes - are you prepared?

In 2017 it will be 60 years since the last big earthquake in Fethiye and we will bring you a special article about Fethiye then and now.

Prepare and stay safe!

Further reading: The No-Nonsense Guide to Earthquake Safety

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