The small town of Kuşköy, which is tucked into an isolated valley on the rainy, mountainous Black Sea coast of Turkey, looks much like the other villages in the region.
Houses balance on steep hillsides beside tea fields and hazelnut orchards. A narrow white minaret and a small domed mosque stand beside a noisy creek.
Kuş dili (bird language)
But Kuşköy, in the province of Giresun, is remarkable not for how it looks but for how it sounds: here, the roar of the water and the daily calls to prayer are often accompanied by loud, lilting whistles—the distinctive tones of the local language.
Kuşköy’s locals call it “kuş dili,” a form of whistled language that helps them communicate across the region’s deep valleys.
The whistle language, also known as the bird language, of the northern village of Kuşköy has been nominated for the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List.
The whistled language is currently used by around 10,000 people in northeastern Turkey, and it can carry messages as far as 5 kilometers. It translates the Turkish language into whistles, not a distinct language.
The spread of cellphones has reduced the need for the 500-year tradition of whistled Turkish, but villagers stage a festival each summer to try to keep it alive.
The whistled language of Kuşköy has been the subject of many scientific studies, as well. A study conducted by Onur Güntürkün of Ruhr University in Germany revealed that, “Whistled Turkish uses the full lexical and syntactic information of vocal Turkish and transforms them into whistles to transport complex conversations with constrained whistled articulations over long distances.
In Turkey, this whistled language is used in the Black Sea region only. However, variations of the same technique are common practice in certain regions of France, Spain, China and Mexico. What distinguishes the bird language in Turkey from other whistled languages is its very high frequency. The maximum frequency of whistled Turkish is 4,000 Hz. Hence, the form used in Giresun can travel a greater distance than any others in the world.
The incredible "bird language" or "whistled language" of the Black Sea has been recognized by UNESCO and is under safeguard as a UNESCO intangible cultural heritage list – what a language! Watch the video and learn to do it yourself!
Posted by Turkey.Home on Thursday, December 7, 2017
Sources: Daily Sabah/The New Yorker/National Public Radio