This article was written exclusively for Fethiye Times by Casey Russell.

From 10th December, for six days,  the mysterious and world renowned whirling Dervishes will take centre stage at the Konya Mevlana Culture Centre, and perform their “Sema” dance on the evening of each day.

The Mevlana ritual dance – the Sema – is meant to represent the true journey to maturity and enlightenment, and, over time it has become part of Turkey’s traditional culture and history, this is despite Rumi coming from Persia, which is, today, modern day Iran.

Watching The Mevlana performance is the one of the main reasons that people visit Konya, so, here is an informative guide to what to expect when you witness this once in a lifetime spectacle.

The Mevlana performance

The dance, when performed, is split into seven different parts.

The ritual begins with a “na’t”-(I.e, eulogy)-exalting Prophet Muhammed, who represents divine love. The name for this part is called the “Na’t-l Serif”

Afterwards, part two continues the same exalting as in the first one, but also in this section, the sound of the special dervish drum, called a ‘Kudûm’, starts to echo through the hall.

When all of the exalting has stopped, the third part begins with the haunting sound of a special reed flute, which is called a ‘Ney’.  The ‘Ney’ is meant to represent the Breath of God.

The fourth section is when the dervishes, lead by the master-(called a ‘Seyh’)-,walk out in a circle and give a greeting to their friends.  They do this three times.

In the fifth part, there are many ‘selams’, a special prayer said by the Dervishes.  Each ‘selam’ has its own different meaning;

The first is the humans perception of his own service and of his glorious creator.

The second, is a human beings total amazement in the presence of Allah’s power.

The third, is a humans sacrificing his mind to “love”, and all of his feelings to “love”. This is said to be your way of surrendering to Allah, and becoming part of him.

In Islam, it is called “Fenafillah”, meaning “Die before you die”.

The last Selam is his completion of his spiritual journey. The Seyh Efendi and the the Semazenbasi take part in the “turning” of this Selam. At this point, they are both overjoyed having faith in the Prophets, Books-(I.e.- The Quran, The Torah)-, The Angels and Allah.

See the Mevlana at the Rumi festival in Konya
The master is called the ‘Seyh’

The Sema

After some more reading from the Quran, the dancing begins.  After receiving permission from eldest son of the ‘Seyh’-(master), by kissing him on the hand, the dervishes drop their large black “hirka”-( a long, heavy black coat)-representing their deliverance from worldly attachments.

Now with their black robes removed,  it reveals a long white robe underneath.

See the Mevlana at the Rumi festival in Konya
The start of the performance

With their right arms extended reaching up towards the heavens and their left arm pointing to the ground, Grace from above is received from Allah, and is distributed to humanity. The dancers gracefully spin, and in unionson, all the dervishes eventually start spinning together, creating a hypnotic and mesmerising ‘constellation’.

See the Mevlana at the Rumi festival in Konya

Walking among them, the master checks to see if the dervishes are doing the performance correctly.

See the Mevlana at the Rumi festival in Konya

The dance is repeated over five, 10 minute sessions, and finishes with the ‘hafiz’, a scholar who remembers the whole Quran through memory, chants passages from the Quran, thus, completing the spectacular ritual…

The performance takes place every Saturday throughout the year, but we went during December, where from the 10th-17th of December each year, there’s a performance each evening in remembrance of Jalal Al-Din Rumi, renown Afghan philosopher and poet who created the dance.

The Order of the Mevlevi

When Rumi died on the seventeenth of December, 1273, his son organised his followers into the brotherhood called the Mevlevi, or whirling dervishes.

In the centuries that followed, hundreds of schools were set up to teach the dance, but ultimately, the teachings of Rumi and his ideology started to influence the country’s political, economic and social life, so in 1925, Ataturk banned them as he considered them, “an obstacle to the country’s advancement”.

They were revived in 1957, however, and the Mevlana are now so popular, that in 2017, the Mevlana Museum was noted as Turkeys most visited museum. There is evidence in all walks of social media posted by people from all over the world that Rumis verse and poetry are still celebrated and followed today. Instagram is often awash with phrases from Rumis writings and often people will post a ” saying” which they don’t even know the origination of…..Rumis beliefs are still standing strong.

See the Mevlana at the Rumi festival in Konya
Rumi quote

Where to get your tickets

To get tickets for the grand Mevlana performance finale-on the 17th -, follow this link, it’s really recommended to book them in advance and be warned, don’t leave it too late:

https://ebilet.konyakultur.gov.tr/?NewAccount=&Type=1

Tickets for the performances from the 10th to the 16th December can be pre-ordered or bought fat the door.  Usually, the performance will begin at 7pm, so to guarantee a seat, it’s advisable to arrive at the Culture Centre by 6:30pm. There are salep sellers outside the centre and traditional crafts and Mevlana souvenirs for sale at small stalls inside and the area has a really wintery, seasonal feel.

For more information, please visit this website: https://ilikevents.com/event/3118-konya-whirling-dervishes-festival

Getting there

Konya can be reached from Fethiye by car in under 7 hours.  Buses also operate regularly to Ankara, where a connection can be caught to Konya.

Going by train and flying is also an option, where you fly to Istanbul or Ankara, and catch a connection either by aircraft or rail to Konya.

In my next article, I’ll bring you a Whistle Stop Tour to give you ideas of where else to visit and what to do in one of my favourite cities…Konya.

Casey Rusell

“I am Casey Russell, a 15-year-old home schooled traveller, writer, photographer and sailor.

I live aboard my familys Oceanis 45 foot sailing yacht and travel extensively throughout the mediterranean for most of the year exploring the lost islands and hidden archaeological treasures of the region.

Photography is a hobby of mine and this year i am keen to explore new techniques and effects, the articles that I write are always accompanied by awesome images.

So, Come along with me on my travels and let me show you the hidden corners of this magical region…”

To read more articles by Casey please visit his blog, “Adventurer in Training”

 

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